Jane’s Revenge is an extremist pro-abortion rights group based in the U.S. that came to prominence in mid-2022 following the leak of a draft of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling overturning Roe v. Wade. It is believed that the name Jane’s Revenge was selected as a reference to the Jane Collective - a 1960’s underground activist group that facilitated clandestine abortion services during a time when abortion was illegal.
The group has been tied to several violent acts of destruction targeting crisis pregnancy centers, pro-life organizations, and a Republican Congressional office.
It is believed that Jane’s Revenge operates without a centralized leadership structure, instead relying on small cells and lone actors to carry out acts in its name. The group has endorsed the creation of “autonomously organized self-defense networks” to confront “misogynistic violence directly.”1
The group has released communiqués, claiming responsibility for several attacks and issuing further calls to action. The posts feature terminology popular amongst anarchist violent extremists and express explicit support for those involved who claim to be anarchists.
Communiqués and Messages
The first communiqué from the group calling itself Jane's Revenge was posted on May 8, 2022, to the anonymous blogging host “noblogs.org”. The post claimed responsibility for the “Molotov attack” on the Wisconsin Family Action the same day. Notably, the post claimed that the attack was carried out by “anarchists” and featured a photo of the graffiti on the building which stated “if abortions aren’t safe then you aren’t either” accompanied by the anarchist “A” symbol and “1312”, an acronym used widely by anti-police activists meaning “ACAB” or “All Cops Are Bastards”.
On May 10, the group sent a message to Bellingcat’s Robert Evans also claiming responsibility for the attack on the Wisconsin Family Action. The group called the Madison arson a warning and demanded the disbanding of all “anti-choice establishments” within 30 days, promising more violence otherwise.2
On May 30, 2022, “an autonomous call to action against patriarchal supremacy” was issued in an anonymous blog post under the pseudonym “Jane’s Revenge”.3 The same day, posters began to emerge on the streets of Washington, D.C. calling for a “Night of Rage”. The group told supporters their anger has been stolen from them for decades and it is time to bring their anger out into the world and express it physically. Protestors, some donning the black bloc aesthetic typically utilized by anarchist movements, took to the streets of the nation’s capital and across the country.
Soon after, the “Little Lark Memorial Cell” distributed an open letter to supporters which was allegedly published by a student magazine at the University of Oregon. The letter urged “Student Insurgents” to act, elaborated on the group’s grievances, and issued plans to escalate attacks.4
Other bulletins have continued to take credit for other arson attacks and vandalisms, with subsequent rhetoric becoming increasingly violent. Part of the post claiming responsibility for the attack on the Blue Ridge Pregnancy Center in Lynchburg, Virginia urged followers to attack other locations, saying:
“We encourage anyone to gather their friends, pick up a crowbar or a bottle of spray paint, find your nearest misogyny shop, courthouse, or pig pen and go fucking ape shit. We have learned that this is really quite simple, all you need is a few trusted friends and a little bit of passion!”5
Another post claiming responsibility for an attack on a Crisis Pregnancy Center in Glendale, California stated:
“We will hunt you down and make your lives a living hell. You started this war but we will win it. So far its just been pregnancy crisis centers, but tomorrow it might be your cars, your homes, or even your lives. We support a diversity of tactics and we will not step down in this fight.”6
Graffiti and online messaging have been relatively uniform, utilizing the slogan: “IF ABORTIONS AREN’T SAFE, YOU’RE NOT EITHER”.
The Department of Homeland Security's Office of Intelligence & Analysis (DHS I&A) said in a memo that domestic violent extremism is "likely" in response to the Supreme Court's decision to overturn Roe v. Wade. The memo went on to state that Government officials — including Supreme Court justices — are likely those most at risk and that reproductive health care facilities and faith-based organizations are potential targets for acts of violent extremism.7
Across the country, regional intelligence fusion centers are also producing reports on Jane’s Revenge. One memo from a Nevada counterterrorism agency raised concerns about the potential impact of the court decision on the 2022 midterm elections, and the safety of election workers.8
Similarly, the Virginia fusion center document flagged the possibility of doxing and cyber attacks on abortion facilities, as well as violence from non-abortion-related extremists.9
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) have confirmed that the group is the subject of an ongoing investigation.
May 8, 2022: Wisconsin Family Action Madison, Madison, WI - Firebombing, arson, property destruction, vandalism
May 14, 2022: Alpha Pregnancy Center Reisterstown, Baltimore, MD - Property destruction, vandalism
May 22, 2022: St. Michael's Church Olympia, Seattle, WA - Vandalism
May 25, 2022: Next Step Pregnancy Services Lynnwood, Seattle, WA - Vandalism
May 30, 2022: Dove Medical Center Eugene, Eugene, OR -Property destruction, vandalism
May 30, 2022: The Respect Life Office Hollywood, Miami, FL - Property destruction, vandalism
June 2, 2022: Agape Pregnancy Resource Center Des Moines, Des Moines, IA - Property destruction, vandalism
June 2, 2022: Capitol Hill Pregnancy Center Washington D.C., Washington, D.C. - Vandalism
June 7, 2022: CompassCare’s Buffalo (Pregnancy Resource Center) Amherst Buffalo, Niagara Falls, NY - Firebombing, property destruction, vandalism (2 firefighters injured)
June 7, 2022: Mountain Area Pregnancy Services Asheville, Asheville, NC - Property destruction, vandalism
June 8, 2022: Options360 Women's Clinic Vancouver, Portland, WA - Vandalism
June 10, 2022: First Image (Crisis Pregnancy Center) Gresham, Portland, OR - Firebombing, property destruction, vandalism
June 14, 2022: Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life Minneapolis, Twin Cities, MN - Property destruction, vandalism
June 19, 2022: The Lennon Pregnancy Center Dearborn Heights, Detroit, MI - Property destruction, vandalism
June 19, 2022: Pregnancy Care Center Redford, Detroit, MI - Property destruction, vandalism
June 21, 2022: Office of Rep. Tim Walberg, Jackson Right to Life Jackson Metro, Detroit, MI - Property destruction, vandalism
June 25, 2022: Life Choices Longmont, Longmont, CO - Arson
June 25, 2022: Blue Ridge Pregnancy Center Lynchburg, Lynchburg, VA - Property destruction, vandalism
July 5, 2022: Birthright (Crisis Pregnancy Center) St. Paul, Twin Cities, MN - Property destruction, vandalism